This exhibition illustrates the reflection of the evolution of human
knowledge a bout the gulf in early printed maps, starting with the
Renaissance and following the growth of knowledge down to the beginning
of systematic survey of the inland area in the earliest year of the 20th
The increasing realism of the cartographic image reflects the evolution
of contacts between the Gulf and Europe, where the maps were made, an
also the technical development of printing and of instrument for
The present exhibition shows the evolution of the image f the Gulf on
printed maps from an uncertain tradition at the end of the 15th century
to geometric accuracy developing in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The history of cartography of the Gulf in general is, however sometimes
different from the history of printed maps. During two century, the
explorer often kept their new findings confidential, while printers were
showing a great degree of conservatism and kept reproducing obsolescent
maps. The result is that manuscript maps often show a development that
runs far ahead of that of printed maps.
This section contains 170 articles divided into scientific maps,
including the oldest map of the world map of Ptolemy and was first
printed in 1493, also contains section on the printed books and
manuscripts, with models of the Earth Fn.