عربي
 

History of the Gulf through maps

 


This exhibition illustrates the reflection of the evolution of human knowledge a bout the gulf in early printed maps, starting with the Renaissance and following the growth of knowledge down to the beginning of systematic survey of the inland area in the earliest year of the 20th century.
The increasing realism of the cartographic image reflects the evolution of contacts between the Gulf and Europe, where the maps were made, an also the technical development of printing and of instrument for surveying.
The present exhibition shows the evolution of the image f the Gulf on printed maps from an uncertain tradition at the end of the 15th century to geometric accuracy developing in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The history of cartography of the Gulf in general is, however sometimes different from the history of printed maps. During two century, the explorer often kept their new findings confidential, while printers were showing a great degree of conservatism and kept reproducing obsolescent maps. The result is that manuscript maps often show a development that runs far ahead of that of printed maps.
This section contains 170 articles divided into scientific maps, including the oldest map of the world map of Ptolemy and was first printed in 1493, also contains section on the printed books and manuscripts, with models of the Earth Fn.